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Fully relativistic pseudopotentials

Fully relativistic pseudopotentials generated by
the MBK (PRB 47, 6728 (1993)) scheme within LDA (CA19) and GGA (PBE19) which contain
a partial core correction and fully relativistic effects including spin-orbit coupling.

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Pseudo-atomic orbitals

The number below the symbol means a cutoff radius (a.u.) of the confinement
potential. These file includes fifteen radial parts for each angular
momentum quantum number l (=0,1,2,3). The basis functions were generated by variationally
optimizing the corresponding primitive basis functions in the single atom and the FCC bulk.
The input files used for the orbital optimization can be found at
Pd_opt.dat
and
Pdfcc_opt.dat.
Since Pd_CA19.vps and Pd_PBE19.vps include the 4p, 4d, and 5s states (16 electrons)
as the valence states, the minimal basis set is Pd*.*-s1p1d1.
Our recommendation for the choice of cutoff radius of basis functions is that
Pd7.0.pao is enough for bulks, but Pd9.0.pao or Pd11.0.pao is preferable
for molecular systems.

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Benchmark calculations by the PBE19 pseudopotential with the various basis functions

**(1) Calculation of the total energy as a function of lattice constant in the fcc structure,**
where the total energy is plotted relative to the minimum energy for each case. a_{0}
and B_{0} are the equilibrium lattice constant and bulk modulus obtained by fitting to
the Murnaghan equation of state. The difference between Pd7.0-s2p2d2f1 and Pd7.0-s3p3d2f1
in the total energy at the minimum point is 0.0067 eV/atom.
An input file used for the OpenMX calculations can be found at
Pdfcc-EvsV.dat.
For comparison the result by the Wien2k code is also shown, where
the calculation was performed by default setting in the Ver. 9.1 of Wien2k except for
the use of R_{MT} x K_{MAX} of 12.

**(2) Calculations of the band dispersion in the fcc structure,**
where the non-spin polarized collinear calculation with the lattice constant of 3.890 Ang.
was performed using Pd_PBE19.vps and Pd7.0-s2p2d2f1,
and the origin of the energy is taken to be the Fermi level.
The input file used for the OpenMX calculations can be found at
Pdfcc-Band.dat.
For comparison the result by the Wien2k code is also shown, where
the calculation was performed by default setting in the Ver. 9.1 of Wien2k
except for the use of R_{MT} x K_{MAX} of 12.